Published On: Mon, Dec 11th, 2017

What does US recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital mean?

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Donald Trump’s abandonment of decades of US policy has set him at odds with the rest of the world and could have far-reaching consequences.

In a move condemned by most of the world, Donald Trump has announced the US will recognise Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. What does his move mean for the key players?

The peace process

This has been in effect at death’s door since the former secretary of state John Kerry’s peace mission ended in failure in 2014.

But the international community – apart from the US – is united in saying recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel is disastrous for any hopes of reviving meaningful talks.

The status of Jerusalem is one of the pivotal issues that diplomats and peacemakers have said must be agreed between the two parties in negotiations.

The Palestinians

They will see Trump’s announcement as the end of their hopes and demands for East Jerusalem as a capital of a future independent Palestinian state. Although few Palestinians want a return to violence, many will feel that diplomatic efforts have got them no closer to a state of their own and will see little alternative to direct action.

The state of Israel

The Israeli government will be thrilled. Ever since it captured (and later annexed) East Jerusalem in the 1967 six-day war, Israel has claimed the city as its “eternal and undivided” capital, and has longed for international recognition. Trump’s decision will reinforce the view of many Israeli politicians that there is little to be gained by negotiating with the Palestinians.

Some 200,000 Israelis living in settlements in occupied East Jerusalem, illegal under international law, will also celebrate.

Photo: indianexpress.com


The region

Trump’s move will further destabilise an already volatile region. The powerful Turkish president, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, said the US was “plunging the region and the world into a fire with no end in sight”. Turkey hinted it might cut diplomatic ties with Israel if the plan goes ahead. Saudi Arabia – an important ally of the US in the region – believe the move damages Riyadh’s continuing efforts to rekindle a peace deal.

The Arab countries that border Israel – Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon and Syria – have all condemned the move.

Click here for full article on The Guardian

Source: The Guardian

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